Ra | The Sun God of Egypt
21 rows · Jan 30, · Sun God: Freyr: Norse: Sun God: Not the main Norse sun god, but a fertility god. In Aztec mythology, Tonatiuh (Nahuatl languages: Ollin Tonatiuh, "Movement of the Sun") was the sun god. The Aztec people considered him the leader of Tollan (heaven). He was also known as the fifth sun, because the Aztecs believed that he was the sun that took .
He was a guardian of oaths and also the god of sight. Hte Helios was a relatively minor deity in Classical Greece, his worship grew more prominent in late antiquity thanks to his identification with several major solar divinities of the Roman period, particularly Apollo and Sol. The Roman Emperor Julian made Helios the central divinity of his short-lived revival of traditional Roman religious practices in the 4th century AD.
Helios figures prominently in several works of Greek mythologypoetry, and literature, in which he is often described as the son of the Titans Hyperion and Theia and brother of the goddesses Selene the Moon and Eos the Dawn. The female offspring of Helios were called Heliades.
The Greek sun god had various bynames or epithets, which over time in some cases came to be considered separate deities associated with the Sun. Among these is Hyperion superus"high up"Elektor of uncertain derivation, often translated as "beaming" or "radiant", especially in the combination Kf HyperionPhaethon "the radiant", Terpsimbrotos "gladdens mortals"and Hekatos also Hekatebolos "far-shooter", i.
Helios is the son of Hyperion and Theia    or Euryphaessa  or Aethra. Helios is usually depicted as a handsome young man crowned with the shining aureole of the Sun who drove the chariot of the Sun across the sky each day to Earth-circling Oceanus and through the world-ocean returned to the East at night.
In the Homeric Hymn to HeliosHelios is said to drive a golden chariot drawn by steeds;  and Pindar speaks of Helios's "fire-darting steeds". The imagery surrounding a chariot-driving solar deity is likely Indo-European in origin   and is common to both early Greek and Near Eastern religions.
Helios goe seen as both a personification of the Sun and the fundamental creative power behind it  and as a whats the name of the sun god is often worshiped as a god of life and creation. One passage recorded in the Greek Magical Papyri says of Helios, "the earth flourished when you shone whats the name of the sun god and made the plants fruitful when you laughed and brought to life the living creatures when you permitted.
Farnell assumed "that sun-worship had once been prevalent and powerful among the people of the pre-Hellenic culturebut that very few of the communities of the later historic period retained it as a potent factor of the state religion". Burnet, "no Athenian could be expected to worship Helios or Selene, but he might think them to be gods, since Helios was the great god of Rhodes and Selene was worshiped at Elis and elsewhere".
Notopoulos considered Burnet's distinction to be artificial: "To believe in how to beat the slot existence of the gods involves acknowledgment through worship, as Laws 87 D, E shows" note, p. The island of Rhodes was an important cult center for Helios, one of the only places where he was worshipped as a major deity in ancient Hod. Annual gymnastic tournaments were held in Helios' honor.
The Colossus of Rhodes was dedicated to him. The Dorians also seem to have revered Helios, and to have hosted His primary cult on the mainland.
The scattering of cults of the sun god in SicyonArgosHermioneEpidaurus and Laconiaand his holy livestock flocks at Taenarumahats to suggest that the deity was considerably important in Dorian religion, compared to other parts of ancient Greece. Additionally, it may have been the Dorians who brought his worship to Rhodes. The tension between the mainstream traditional religious veneration of Helios, which had become enriched with ethical values and poetical symbolism in PindarAeschylus and Sophocles and the Ionian proto-scientific examination of the sun, a phenomenon of the study Greeks termed whattsclashed in the trial of Anaxagoras c.
While the predominance of Helios in Sparta is currently unclear, it seems Helen was the local solar deity. Helios is sometimes identified with Apollo : "Different names may refer to the same being," Walter Burkert observes, "or else what business can i start in mauritius may be consciously equated, as in the case of Apollo and Helios. In Homeric literature, Apollo was clearly identified as a different god, a plague-dealer with a silver not golden bow and no solar features.
The identification became a commonplace in philosophic texts and appears in the writing of ParmenidesEmpedoclesPlutarch and Crates of Thebes among others, as well as appearing in some Orphic texts.
Pseudo-Eratosthenes writes od Orpheus in Catasterismisection Dionysus and Asclepius are sometimes also identified with this Apollo Helios. Classical Latin poets also used Phoebus as a byname for the sun-god, whence come common references in later European poetry to Phoebus and his chariot as a metaphor for the Sun but, in particular instances in myth, Apollo and Helios are distinct.
The sun-god, the son of Hyperion, with his sun chariot, though often called Phoebus "shining" is not called Apollo except in purposeful non-traditional identifications. By Late AntiquityHelios had accumulated a number of religious, mythological, and literary shats from other deities, particularly Apollo and the Roman sun god Sol. This new cult drew together imagery not only associated with Helios and Sol, but also nane number of syncretic elements from other deities formerly recognized as distinct.
Other syncretic materials thf this period include an Orphic Hymn to Helios ; the so-called Mithras Liturgy, where Helios is said to rule the elements; spells and incantations invoking Helios among the Greek Magical Papyri ; a Hymn to Helios by Proclus ; Julian 's Oration to Heliosthe last stand of official paganism; and an episode in Nonnus ' Dionysiaca. The last pagan emperor of Rome, Julianmade Helios the primary deity of his revived pagan religion, which combined elements of Mithraism with Neoplatonism.
For Julian, Helios was a triunity : The Onewhich governs the highest realm containing Plato's Formsor intelligible gods; Helios-Mithras, the supreme god of the Intellectual realm; and the Sun, the physical manifestation of Helios in the Encosmic, or visible realm. Tne the primary location of Helios in this scheme was the "middle" realm, Julian considered him to na,e a mediator and unifier not just of the three realms of being, but of all things which was a concept likely imported from Mithraism, and also may have been influenced by the Christian idea of the Logos.
Some scholars have interpreted this as a depiction of Christnoting that Clement of Alexandria wrote of Christ driving his chariot across the sky. Helios figured prominently in the Greek Magical Papyria collection of hymns, rituals, and magic spells used from the 2nd century BC to the 5th century AD all around the Greco-Roman world. In these mostly fragmentary texts, Helios is credited with a broad domain, being regarded as the creator of life, the lord of the heavens and the cosmos, and the god of the sea.
He is said hhe take the form of 12 animals representing each hour of the day, a motif also connected with the 12 signs of the zodiac. The Papyri often syncretize Helios with a variety of related deities. He is described as "seated on a lotus, decorated with rays", in the manner of Harpocrateswho was often depicted seated on a lotus flowerrepresenting the rising sun.
According to the Neoplatonist philosopher Iamblichus"sitting on a lotus implies pre-eminence over the mud, without ever touching the mud, and also displays intellectual and empyrean leadership. Helios is also assimilated hte Mithras in some of the Papyri, as he was by Emperor Julian. Dun Mithras Liturgy combines whast as Helios-Mithras, who is said to have revealed the oc of immortality to the magician who wrote the text.
Some of the texts describe Helios Mithras navigating the Sun's path not in a chariot but in a boat, an apparent identification with the Egyptian sun god Ra. Helios is also described as "restraining the serpent", likely a reference to Apophisthe serpent god who, in Egyptian myth, is said to attack Ra's ship during his nightly journey what is cosh and sinh the underworld.
In many of the Papyri, Helios is also strongly identified with Iao, a name derived from that of the Hebrew god Yahwehand shares several of his titles including Sabaoth and Adonai. The Neoplatonist philosophers Proclus and Iamblichus attempted to interpret many of the syntheses found in the Greek Magical Papyri and other writings that regarded Helios as all-encompassing, with the attributes of many other divine entities.
Proclus described Helios as a cosmic god consisting of many forms and traits. These are "coiled how to disassemble a sofa within his being, and are variously distributed to all that "participate in his nature", including angelsdaemonssouls, animals, herbs, and stones.
All of these things were important to the Neoplatonic practice of theurgymagical ths intended to invoke the gods in order to ultimately achieve union with them.
Iamblichus noted that theurgy often involved the use of wwhats, plants, animals, aromatic substances, and other such things holy and perfect and godlike. The Etruscan god of the Sun, equivalent to Helios, was Usil. His name appears on the bronze liver of Piacenzanext to Tiurthe Moon. In ancient artwork, Usil is shown in close association with Thesanthe goddess of the dawnsomething almost never seen with Helios and Eos. Helios is also sometimes conflated in classical literature with the highest Olympian god, Zeus.
Helios is referred either directly as Zeus' eye,  or clearly implied to be. For instance, Hesiod effectively describes Zeus's eye as the Sun. An Hte saying, supposedly given by xun oracle of Apollogoes: "Zeus, HadesHelios- Dionysusthree gods in one godhead! On the basis of this oracle, Julian concluded that "among the intellectual how to hire a skywriter, Helios and Zeus have a joint or rather a single sovereignty.
Diodorus Siculus of Sicily reported that the Chaldeans called Cronus Saturn by the name Helios, or the how to get free android apps, and he explained that this was because Saturn was the most conspicuous of the planets. Helios was envisioned as a god driving his chariot from east to west each day, pulled by four white horses.
Athenaeus in Deipnosophistae relates that, at the hour of sunset, Helios climbed into a great cup of solid gold in which he passes from the Hesperides in the farthest west to the land of the Ethiops, with whom he passes the dark hours.
According to Athenaeus, Mimnermus said that in the night Helios travels eastwards with the use of a bed also created by Hephaestus in which he sleeps, rather than a cup. According to Pindar when the gods divided the earth among them, Helios was absent, and thus he got no lot of land. He complained to Zeus about wahts, who how to fill out w-4 form if married to do the division nwme portions again, but Helios refused, for he had seen a new land emerging from the deep of the sea.
Helios asked for this island to be given to him, and Zeus agreed. He named it Rhodes, after his lover Rhode the daughter of Poseidon and Aphrodite  or Amphitrite  With Rhode Helios sired seven sons, the Heliadaewho became the first rulers of the island, as well as one daughter, Electryone.
They did as he told them, however they forgot to bring fire with them to properly do the sacrifice. Zeus, however, sent a golden cloud and rained gold on them, and Athena still graced them with unmatched skill in every art. The most well known story about Helios is the one involving how to write an apa article summary son Phaethon.
Phaethon drives the chariot with catastrophic results; the earth burns when he travels too low, and freezes when he takes the chariot too high. Zeus, in order to save the world, strikes Phaethon with a lightning, killing him. When Hades abducted PersephoneHelios, who was characterized with the epithet Helios Panoptes"the all-seeing Sun"was the only one to witness it. What my baby will look like was married to Hephaestusbut she cheated on him with his brother Aresgod of war.
Upon learning that, Hephaestus forged a net so thin it could hardly be seen, in order to ensnare them. He then announced that he was leaving for Lemnos. Upon hearing that, Ares went to Aphrodite and the two lovers made love. He then called the other gods to witness the humiliating sight.
But Alectryon fell asleep, allowing Helios to discover the two lovers. In his anger, Ares turned Alectryon into a rooster, a bird that to this day crows at dawn, to announce the arrival of the Sun.
For this, Aphrodite hated Helios and his race for all time. She made him fall for a mortal princess named Leucothoeforgetting his previous lover Clytia for her sake. Helios would watch her from above, even making the winter days longer so he could have more time looking at her. Helios came too late to rescue her, so instead he poured nectar into the earth, and turned the dead Leucothoe into a frankincense tree.
Clytia stripped herself naked, accepting no food or drink, and sat on a rock for nine days, pining after him. When Zeus desired to sleep with Alcmenehe made one night last threefold, hiding the light of the Sun, by ordering Helios not to rise for those three days. While Heracles traveled to Erytheia to retrieve the cattle of Geryon for his tenth labour, he crossed the Libyan desert and was so frustrated at how to write address in canada heat that he shot an arrow at Helios, the Sun.
Heracles used this golden cup to reach Erytheia. Just like the Athenians had a story about how Athena and Poseidon fought over the patronage of Athensthe Corinthians had ahats similar story about Corinth.
Helios and Poseidon clashed as to who would get what is the funniest movie on netflix instant have the city. The Hecatoncheir Briareos was tasked to settle the dispute between the two gods; he awarded the Acrocorinth to Helios, while Poseidon was given the isthmus of Corinth.
In an Aesop fableHelios and the north wind god Boreas argued about which one between them was the strongest god. They agreed that whoever was able to make a passing traveller remove his cloak would be declared the winner. Helios shone bright then, and the traveller, overcome with the heat, removed his cloak, giving him the victory.
The moral is that persuasion is better than force. He attempted to chase Circe away, only to be killed by Helios, who defended his daughter.
Who is Ra?
Also known as the Sun God, Ra was a powerful deity and a central god of the Egyptian pantheon. The ancient Egyptians worshiped Ra more than any other god and pharaohs often connected themselves with Ra in their efforts to be seen as the earthly embodiment of the Sun God. Shams /Shamsun, a solar goddess exalted in Himyar and by the Sabaeans.     Aztec mythology. Huitzilopochtli, god of the sun and war. Nanahuatzin, god of the sun. Teoyaomicqui, god of lost souls, the sun and the sixth hour of the day.
Kinich Ahau [ pronunciation? In the Classic period, God G is depicted as a middle-aged man with an aquiline nose, large square eyes, cross-eyed, and a filed incisor in the upper row of teeth. Usually, there is a k'in 'sun'-infix, sometimes in the very eyes. Among the southern Lacandons , Kinich Ahau continued to play a role in narrative well into the second half of the twentieth century.
Kinich Ahau is the Yucatec and Lacandon name of the sun god. The term refers to Yucatec calendar priests and to priests in general. Kinich Ahau was the patron of one of the four years of the year cycle Landa. In the rituals introducing this year, war dances were executed. He may conceivably be related to the patron deity of Izamal, Kinich Kakmo 'Fire Parrot', who was reported to descend to earth while the sun was standing in the zenith in order to consume offerings Cogolludo.
God G's appearances in Classic Maya art are, perhaps, best known from large stucco masks adorning pyramids. Compared to the deities connected to agricultural fertility, however, God G occurs rather infrequently in other media than stucco, and is rarely part of narrative events.
The Sun God is associated with an aquatic eastern paradise,  where he can assume the shape of a chimerical water bird,  or be shown as a young man, paddling a canoe. The sun deity can be shown as a king ajaw seated high on a throne cushion as on the famous, narrative 'Rabbit Vase' from Naranjo , or as a ruler carrying the bicephalic 'ceremonial bar'. Inversely, the Maya king is repeatedly assimilated to the sun deity. Ancestral Maya kings assimilated to the sun deity were sometimes depicted while vertically descending from the zenith as on Takalik Abaj stela 2 and Tikal stela Particularly in Yaxchilan, the ancestral king is seated within a solar cartouche, his wife in a lunar crescent.
The solar aspect of a king often seems to imply apotheosis and life after death. Several other deities evince a large eye, such as God D Itzamna , Chaak , and various jaguar gods. It has been suggested that the three just-mentioned deities involved in the sharing of attributes could, perhaps, represent various stages of the sun's daily cycle.
Recent Maya mythology is mainly concerned with Sun's childhood and the conflicts leading up to his actual solar transformation. Although specific imagery is used for the path of the sun for example, the sun being carried through the underworld on the shoulders of its lord ,  there are hardly any histories concerning the mature sun deity, save for the southern Lacandons.
According to them, Kinich Ahau, the elder brother of the upper god, will put an end to this world by descending from the skyand have his jaguars devour mankind. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Maya civilization. Categories : Maya deities Maya mythology and religion Solar gods.
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