Thomas Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase
One result from the Louisiana Purchase was that it doubled the size of the United States. The second result of the Louisiana Purchase is that it increased the economy for the United States with. Jun 05, · Legacy of the Louisiana Purchase. The Louisiana Purchase of brought into the United States about , square miles of territory from France, .
France had just re-taken control of the Louisiana Territory. France ceded the land to Spain 80 years later—and lost most of its other North American holdings to Great Britain—following its how to prepare fried fish in the French and Indian War. When word of the secret agreement leaked out, President Jefferson became extremely worried.
The United States nearly went to war over Louisiana. Under a treaty with Spain, U. For many Americans, this so-called right of deposit was important enough that talk of war began proliferating when it was revoked in October Several thousand troops slated for the territory were instead being decimated by a slave rebellion and yellow fever in Saint Domingue now Haitiand additional troops were stuck in a Dutch port waiting for the winter ice to clear.
The United States never asked for all of Louisiana. On the advice of a French friend, Jefferson offered to purchase land from Napoleon rather than threatening war over it. If that failed, they were to try to get back the right of deposit. Livingston also floated a plan for the United States to take over the two-thirds of Louisiana located north of the Arkansas River, which he argued would serve as a crucial buffer between French Louisiana and British Canada.
But although the Americans never asked for it, Napoleon dangled the entire territory in front of them on April 11, Even that low price was too steep for the United States. Napoleon wanted the money immediately in order to prepare for war with Great Britain.
But despite landing Louisiana for less than three cents an acre, the price was more than the United States could afford. As a result, it was forced to borrow from two European banks at 6 percent interest. The Louisiana negotiations helped put James Monroe in the proverbial poor house. After spending three years as governor of Virginia, Monroe purportedly hoped to retire from politics and make some money opening a law practice what are the side effects of smoking kush developing his landholdings.
Barely a month went by, however, before Jefferson nominated him as a special envoy to help Livingston with the Louisiana Purchase negotiations. The argument allegedly continued after Joseph went home to change. Many Americans likewise opposed the Louisiana Purchase. Members of the Federalist Party, already a significant minority in both houses of Congress, worried that the Louisiana Purchase would further reduce their clout. The treaty did not state specific boundaries.
Louis in May to explore the northern portion of Louisiana, the exact boundaries of the newly acquired territory had yet to be hashed out. In the north, Great Britain and the United States agreed in to establish the 49th parallel as the border between them from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you.
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The Louisiana Territory under Spanish and French rule
Explorations and scattered settlements in the 17th and 18th centuries had given France control over the river and title to most of the Mississippi valley. The Louisiana area in the early 18th century, map by Nicolas de Fer, The first serious disruption of French control over Louisiana came during the Seven Years’ War. In France ceded Louisiana west of the Mississippi River to Spain and in . May 30, · The Louisiana Purchase was one of the largest land deals in history. In , the United States paid approximately $15 million dollars to France for more than , square miles of land. This land deal was arguably the greatest achievement of Thomas Jefferson's presidency, but it also posed a major philosophical problem for Jefferson. The consequences of the Louisiana Purchase were the enormous expansion in the size of territory controlled by the United States, control over the strategically important Port of New Orleans and the.
Louisiana Purchase , western half of the Mississippi River basin purchased in from France by the United States ; at less than three cents per acre for , square miles 2,, square km , it was the greatest land bargain in U. The purchase doubled the size of the United States, greatly strengthened the country materially and strategically, provided a powerful impetus to westward expansion, and confirmed the doctrine of implied powers of the federal Constitution.
The Louisiana Purchase was the purchase of imperial rights to the western half of the Mississippi River basin from France by the United States in The deal granted the United States the sole authority to obtain the land from its indigenous inhabitants, either by contract or by conquest. It was ultimately the greatest land bargain in U. The Louisiana Purchase eventually doubled the size of the United States , greatly strengthened the country materially and strategically, provided a powerful impetus to westward expansion, and confirmed the doctrine of implied powers of the federal Constitution.
Though it was not immediately apparent to constructionists such as U. President Thomas Jefferson , the Louisiana Purchase was ultimately determined to be constitutional. Jefferson thought that an amendment to the Constitution of the United States might be required to legalize the transaction, but the Senate approved the treaty by a vote of 24 to 7. Historically, the U. The Louisiana Territory had been the object of Old World interest for many years before Explorations and scattered settlements in the 17th and 18th centuries had given France control over the river and title to most of the Mississippi valley.
In France ceded Louisiana west of the Mississippi River to Spain and in transferred virtually all of its remaining possessions in North America to Great Britain. This arrangement, however, proved temporary. French power rebounded under the subsequent military leadership of Napoleon Bonaparte , and on October 1, , Napoleon induced a reluctant King Charles IV of Spain to agree, for a consideration, to cede Louisiana back to France.
King Charles gave at least his verbal assent on the condition that France would never alienate the territory to a third power. With this treaty of retrocession, known as the Treaty of San Ildefonso confirmed March 21, , would go not only the growing and commercially significant port of New Orleans but the strategic mouth of the Mississippi River.
Reports of the supposed retrocession soon were received by the U. During the preceding 12 years, Americans had streamed westward into the valleys of the Cumberland , Tennessee , and Ohio rivers.
The very existence of these new settlers depended on their right to use the Mississippi River freely and to make transshipment of their exports at New Orleans. By terms of the Treaty of San Lorenzo, Spain, in , had granted to the United States the right to ship goods originating in American ports through the mouth of the Mississippi without paying duty and also the right of deposit, or temporary storage, of American goods at New Orleans for transshipment.
But in Spain in effect revoked the right of deposit, and so it was in an atmosphere of growing tension in the West that Pres. Thomas Jefferson was confronted with the prospect of a new, wily, and more powerful keeper of the strategic window to the Gulf of Mexico.
Jefferson instructed Robert R. Livingston , the U. Direct negotiations with Talleyrand, however, appeared to be all but impossible. For months Livingston had to be content with tantalizing glimmerings of a possible deal between France and the United States. With this intelligence he had good reasons for thinking the worst: that Napoleon Bonaparte may have been responsible for this unfortunate act and that his next move might be to close the Mississippi River entirely to the Americans.
Livingston had but one trump to play, and he played it with a flourish. There are good reasons to believe that French failure in Santo Domingo the island of Hispaniola , the imminence of renewed war with Great Britain, and financial stringencies may all have prompted Napoleon in to offer for sale to the United States the entire Louisiana Territory. A treaty was signed on May 2 but was antedated to April Precisely what the United States had purchased was unclear. The wording of the treaty was vague; it did not clearly describe the boundaries.
It gave no assurances that West Florida was to be considered a part of Louisiana; neither did it delineate the southwest boundary. The American negotiators were fully aware of this.
But before the United States could establish fixed boundaries to Louisiana there arose a basic question concerning the constitutionality of the purchase. Did the Constitution of the United States provide for an act of this kind? The president, in principle a strict constructionist, thought that an amendment to the Constitution might be required to legalize the transaction; but, after due consideration and considerable oratory, the Senate approved the treaty by a vote of 24 to 7.
The setting of fixed boundaries awaited negotiations with Spain and Great Britain. The exasperating dispute with Spain over the ownership of West Florida and Texas was finally settled by the purchase of the Floridas from Spain in and the establishment of a fixed southwest boundary line.
The northern boundary was amicably established by an Anglo-American convention in Much of the territory turned out to contain rich mineral resources, productive soil, valuable grazing land, forests, and wildlife resources of inestimable value.
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