Why Notre Dame Cathedral is so important to Catholics worldwide
Feb 26, · Paris: Notre-Dame de Paris At the eastern end of the Ile de la Cite is the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris, which is situated on a spot that Parisians have always reserved for the practice of religious rites. Notre Dame was badly damaged during the French Revolution, during which heads of statues were removed and the cathedral was used for food storage. It was restored by architect Eugene Viollet-le .
It is the most famous of the Gothic cathedrals of the Middle Ages and is distinguished for its size, antiquity, and architectural interest. The cathedral was initiated by Maurice de Sullybishop of Paris, who about conceived the idea of converting into a single building, on a larger scale, the ruins of the two earlier basilicas. The foundation stone was laid by Pope Alexander III inand the high altar was consecrated in The choirthe western facade, and the nave were completed byand porches, chapels, and other embellishments were added over the next years.
Notre-Dame Cathedral consists of a how to cook chicken thighs on a skillet and apsea short transeptand a nave flanked by double aisles what is the notre dame cathedral used for square chapels.
Its central spire was added during restoration in the 19th century, replacing the original, which had been completely removed in the 18th century because of instability. The interior of the cathedral is by feet by 48 metres in plan, and the roof is feet 35 metres high. Two massive early Gothic towers —50 crown the western facade, which is divided into three stories and has its doors adorned with fine early Gothic carvings and surmounted by a row of figures of Old Testament kings.
The two towers sued feet 68 metres high; the spires with which they were to be crowned were never added. Notre-Dame Cathedral suffered damage and deterioration through the centuries. After the French Revolution it was rescued from possible destruction by Napoleonwho crowned himself emperor of the French in the cathedral in Notre-Dame de Paris. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. Print Cite verified Cite.
While every effort nnotre been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions.
Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions nottre improve this article requires login. External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree Cathddral More on This Topic.
Flames and smoke rise from Notre-Dame Cathedral on April 15, Gargoyles on the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris, added by restoration architect E. Viollet-le-Duc, — Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Cxthedral. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Macron vowed that the cathedral would be rebuilt, and he launched a fundraising campaign that brought in hundreds of millions of dollars in donations from around the world. History at your fingertips.
Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.
Notre Dame Cathedral which can also be called “our lady” is still in use today by the Roman Catholic Church for Sunday mass and it is the seat of the Archbishop of Paris. A notable and distinct historical artefact which is very popular today is the famous bell that has been redesigned to ring automatically. Apr 16, · Notre Dame is not a parish church, meaning that it does not have a regular body of worshippers who “belong” to the church. But it is still the home church of . Apr 16, · Philippe Wang/Getty Images. On the evening of April 15, , the world watched in stunned silence as the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Our Lady of Paris, burned. The medieval edifice was the site of countless historical events, from the coronations of Napoleon Bonaparte and Henry VI of England, to the beatification of Joan of Arc.
By: Jesslyn Shields Apr 16, The medieval edifice was the site of countless historical events, from the coronations of Napoleon Bonaparte and Henry VI of England, to the beatification of Joan of Arc. French President Emmanuel Macron has pledged to rebuild the structure, which retained its crowned double towers but lost its famous spire and two-thirds of its original wooden roof, made from 5, oak trees.
But what went into building it in the first place? The cornerstone of Notre Dame Cathedral was laid in C. In the Middle Ages, the Church began granting forgiveness of sins to people who either went to fight in the Crusades or went to work building one of the lavish cathedrals that were popping up around Europe. The Notre Dame cathedral as we know it today took nearly two centuries to build — it was completed in C.
Of course, many of these people never saw it completed, although Bishop Sully celebrated the first Mass at Notre Dame's altar in C. Notre Dame was built during a time when architects were pushing technology to its limits in the quest to make a taller building with thinner walls and more windows. The original plans for Notre Dame called for much thicker walls to hold up a heavy roof.
Several lead architects worked on Notre Dame in the two centuries of construction, and over time they figured out that the way to support Notre Dame's enormous, spectacular stained glass windows and foot meter ceiling was to add flying buttresses to keep the walls from flopping outward. In recent centuries, Notre Dame Cathedral has taken a bit of a beating due to a cocktail of pollution, natural weathering from rain and cold, and some hard-core neglect and mistreatment during the French Revolution.
Victor Hugo's novel "The Hunchback of Notre-Dame" made much of the cathedral's decay, which resulted in some restoration in the midth century. But now, still more restoration is needed for the building that Hugo called " a symphony in stone ," which has watched over Paris for the better part of a millenia.
Notre Dame's spire was not original — it was added on during a major restoration in the s. Notre Dame, arguably the most beloved cathedral in the world, burns in Paris on April 15, Now That's Interesting. Cite This! More Awesome Stuff.