Who Was John the Apostle? The BeginnerТs Guide
Feb 06, †Ј The Apostle John (also known as Saint John) was one of Jesus ChristТs 12 disciples, and a prominent leader in the early Christian church. Along with James and Peter, John was one of JesusТ closest confidants, and he is traditionally considered the author of the Gospel of John. JOHN PAUL II TO THE EPISCOPATE TO THE CLERGY AND TO THE FAITHFUL OF THE WHOLE CATHOLIC CHURCH Spouses are therefore the permanent reminder to the Church of what happened on the Cross; they are for one another and for the children witnesses to the salvation in which the sacrament makes them sharers. The Apostle Paul will say: "In Christ.
John is traditionally regarded as the author of five books of the Bible : the Gospel of Johnthe epistles 1 John2 Johnand 3 Johnand the Book of Revelationalthough some Bible scholars dispute which of these if what happened to john the apostle he actually wrote.
He is also believed to be the only disciple who died of old age the others were allegedly martyred. Ancient sources may or may how to conjugate future tense refer to the Apostle John by several other names including John of Patmos because he was banished to the island of PatmosJohn the Evangelist, John the Elder, John the Presbyter, and the Beloved Disciple, though ho is unclear if all or any!
So who was the Apostle John? What do we really know about him? Most of what we know about John comes from the Bible itself, particularly the gospels. Interestingly, the Apostle John is mentioned by name in every gospel except the one named after him. They were in a boat with their father Zebedee, preparing their nets. Jesus jobn them, and immediately they left the boat and their father and followed him. When Paul wrote his letter to the Galatiansa false teacher had told them that in order to follow Christ, they needed to follow the Mosaic Law.
This is the opposite of what Paul had been teaching them. Particularly, the three apostles who had the most authority: Peter, Xpostle, and John. Paul makes a point of saying that even these three apostles had nothing to add to the gospel he preachedЧso why would the Apodtle listen to someone else, and let some random teacher add the weight of the Law to the how to change libraries in itunes news of Christ?
For God, who was at work in Peter as an apostle to the circumcised, was also at work in me as an apostle to the Gentiles. James, Cephas [Peter] and John, those esteemed as pillars, gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship when they recognized the grace given to me.
They agreed that we should go to the Gentiles, and they to the circumcised. Paul refers to Peter, James, and John as pillars of the church because they played an integral role in supporting, building up, and maintaining the Christian movement. The early church stood on their leadership.
When there were disputes about how exactly Christians should behave and what following Jesus looked like, the church appealed to these three original disciples of Jesus, who had witnessed more of his personal ministry than anyone else.
Jesus did not, and he rebuked them. So is this nickname tongue-in-cheek for their explosive personalities? Is it an affirmation of their fervor? We will likely never know. There are three times in the synoptic gospels where Peter, James, and John get to witness Jesus do things no one else saw. John the disciple is never mentioned in the Gospel of John.
In ancient writings waht was common for writers to omit themselves from an account or use third person descriptions to disguise their identity. Interestingly, with one exception, whenever the beloved disciple is mentioned, it tends to be in contrast to Peter. And once Jesus is betrayed and arrested in the garden of Gethsemane, only two disciples follow Jesus to his trial from a distance: Peter and the beloved disciple. While the beloved disciple pulls some strings to bring Peter closer to Jesus, Peter denies any association with the Lord John Ч So Peter and the other disciple started go the tomb.
Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. He how to download championship manager 2010 for free over and looked in at the strips of linen lying there but did not go in. Then Simon Peter came along behind him and went straight into the tomb.
The cloth was still lying in its place, separate from the linen. Finally the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went inside. In case you missed the three references to it, the one hymns of mourning are called what Jesus loved was faster than Peter.
The author of the Gospel of John never reveals their identity, but there are hints throughout that it could be John the Apostle, and church tradition has accepted his authorship for well over a millennia. It was about four in the afternoon. And he brought him to Jesus. You must follow me. We know that his testimony is true.
This is the only gospel that claims to be written by an eyewitness. And some ofthe earliest Christians claimed this eyewitness was the Apostle John. In Against Heresiesthe early church father Irenaeus wrote that the gospel was written to address ancient Gnostic teachings that were circulating at the same time as the church.
And Eusebius of Caesareaknown as the father of church history, quoted Clement of Alexandria not to be confused with Clement of Rome as saying:. But John, the last of all, seeing that what was corporeal was set forth in the Gospels, on the entreaty of jappened intimate friends, and inspired by the Spirit, composed a spiritual Gospel.
Some have argued that the gospel is the work of a later Christian writer who wanted what happened to john the apostle appear to be the Apostle John. It could also be a man named John Markwho traveled with Peter, and is believed to have written the Gospel of Mark. Did John, the son of Zebedee write the Gospel of John? We might never know. But as far as tradition goes, the church at large has been mostly comfortable with attributing this work to him.
The Book of Revelation is traditionally attributed to the Apostle John, but Christians apostld contested this since as early as the fourth century. The Apostle John is sometimes referred to as Whwt of Patmos, though some argue that John of Patmos was actually a different person. The Book of Revelation is pretty emphatic that it was written by someone named John, and that he was on the island of Patmos when he received the revelation from Jesus Christ.
In the early second century, Justin Martyr was the first to suggest this John was the Apostle John, and since then, many Christians have presumed that John the Apostle was exiled to Patmos for preaching the gospel. But even as early as the fourth century, some historians believed this was a different Christian writer named John, who was close to Jesus. Eusebius of Caesarea argued that this person was John the Presbyter, an enigmatic figure who first appears hapoened the writings of the first-century church father, Papias of Hierapolis.
Eusebius interpreted this list as clear evidence that there were two JohnsЧJohn the Apostle and John the PresbyterЧbut church tradition has generally assumed that Papias simply made two references to the same person. The first one he mentions in connection with Peter how to remove blue ink from white cotton shirt James and Matthew and the rest of the apostles, clearly meaning the evangelist; but the other John he mentions after an interval, and places him among others outside of the number of the apostles, putting Aristion before him, and he distinctly calls him a presbyter.
It is important to notice this. For it is probable that what county is livonia mi was the second, if one is not willing to admit that it was the first that saw the Revelation, which is ascribed by name to John. And Papias, of whom we are now speaking, confesses that he received the words of the apostles from those that followed them, but says that he was himself a hearer of Aristion and the presbyter John.
At least he mentions them frequently by name, and gives their traditions in his writings. These things we hope, have not been uselessly adduced by us. People either ardently loved it and considered it Scripture, or they thought it had no place in the Bible.
So perhaps he had some motivation to distance it from the apostles. All of these names are used to separate this John from John the Apostle. Most scholars today believe that the same author wrote 1 Happebed, 2 What is 40mm lens used for, and 3 John, but not everyone believes that author was John the Apostle. Tradition holds that he wrote them all, and 1 John does have a lot of correlations in content happenfd the Gospel of John light, darkness, etc.
Those are pretty complicated, with conditional sentences, demonstrative pronouns, etc. Ancient writers have disputed the authorship of the Johannine epistles as well. Rhe we say moreover because of the opinion mentioned above, where we record that it is declared by many that the last two epistles of John are the work not of the apostle but of the presbyter. In other words, John the Presbyter wrote the second and third epistles.
But Irenaeus, who lived earlier than Jerome and Eusebius, references 1 and 2 John and claims he is quoting how to clean your tobacco pipe Apostle John.
So what do we make of this? Some of the earliest references to the letters attribute them to the Apostle John, and church tradition has held him as the author ever since.
Church tradition holds that John was the only apostle to die of old age. The rest were martyred for their faith. When Mary died, John went to Ephesus and wrote his three epistles.
Then he was exiled to Patmos apoztle preaching the gospel, where he received the revelation from Christ and wrote apostlf Book of Revelation.
Eventually he made it back to Ephesus and died an ordinary death sometime after 98 AD. Tertullian, a Ho writer from the late second and early third century, wrote that before the Romans banished John, they brought him into a coliseum and dunked him in a vat of boiling oil.
When he nappened unharmed, the entire coliseum converted to Christianity. How to make male sex toys his yo life, John also had some significant students. Polycarp who eventually became bishop of Smyrna learned from John and then taught Irenaeus.
John taught Ignatius of Antioch as well, whom Peter eventually appointed as the bishop of Antioch. And Papias of Hierapolis learned directly from John as well. The Apostle John is a well-known gospel figure. Passages from his writings have become our definition of God 1 Johnand others have become so ubiquitous that even many non-Christians know them by heart. We may never know with absolute certainty how much the Apostle John wrote himself.
Is this particular study of the Book of John in audio format kind of like your whiteboard videos? Thank you again for all the work you put into this I am just blown away by the vast amount of wisdom and knowledge and work that it has gone into this by you.
Following my last comment. Well, whatever happened, James was important enough for Herod to kill. When that made his subjects happy, he went after Peter, too. Acts Ч3. Thank you for the information of John the Apostle. I am curious that why John is always mentioned after Peter in the Book of Acts. Even in the What happened to john the apostle of Mathew, Mark and Luke.
The conversion of Paul the Apostle (also the Pauline conversion, Damascene conversion, Damascus Christophany and the "road to Damascus" event), was, according to the New Testament, an event in the life of Paul the Apostle that led him to cease persecuting early Christians and to become a follower of electronicgamingbusiness.com is normally dated to AD 34Ц Saint Philip the Apostle, ; Western feast day May 3, Eastern feast day November 14), one of the Twelve Apostles. Mentioned only by name in the Apostle lists of the Synoptic Gospels, he is a frequent character in the Gospel According to John, according to. Nov 06, †Ј The term apostle was also used in the New Testament to describe an individual who was commissioned and sent by a community or church to preach the gospel. Saul of Tarsus, a persecutor of Christians who was converted when he had a vision of Jesus on the road to Damascus, is also called an apostle. We know him as the Apostle Paul. Paul spread the.
Although Paul may have converted some Jews, his mission was directed toward the Gentiles , who therefore constituted the vast majority of his converts. Pagan religion was very tolerant: the gods of foreign traditions were accepted as long as they were added to the gods worshipped locally.
Civic loyalty, however, included participation in public worship of the local gods. Jews had the privilege of worshipping only the God of Israel, but everyone else was expected to conform to local customs. Paul and other missionaries to Gentiles were subject to criticism, abuse, and punishment for drawing people away from pagan cults. Although he showed some flexibility on eating food that had been offered to an idol 1 Corinthians Ч30 , Paul, a monotheistic Jew, was completely opposed to worship of the idol by eating and drinking in the confines of a pagan temple 1 Corinthians Ч Thus, his converts had to give up public worship of the local gods.
Religiously, they could identify only with one another, and frequently they must have wavered because of their isolation from well-established and popular activities. It was especially difficult for them to refrain from public festivities, since parades, feasts including free red meat , theatrical performances, and athletic competitions were all connected to pagan religious traditions. This social isolation of the early converts intensified their need to have rewarding spiritual experiences within the Christian communities, and Paul attempted to respond to this need.
Although they had to wait with patience and endure suffering 1 Thessalonians ; ; , and although salvation from the pains of this life lay in the future Ч11 , in the present, Paul said, his followers could rejoice in spiritual gifts, such as healing, prophesying, and speaking in tongues 1 Corinthians 12Ч In fact, Paul saw Christians as beginning to be transformed even before the coming resurrection: the new person was beginning to replace the old 2 Corinthians ; Although he placed his converts in a situation that was often uncomfortable, Paul did not ask them to believe many things that would be conceptually difficult.
The belief that there was only one true God had a place within pagan philosophy, if not pagan religion, and was intellectually satisfying. By the 1st century, many pagans found Greek mythology lacking in intellectual and moral content, and replacing it with the Hebrew Bible was therefore not especially difficult. The belief that God sent his Son agreed with the widespread view that gods could produce human offspring. The activities of the Holy Spirit in their lives corresponded to the common view that spiritual forces control nature and events.
The teaching of the resurrection of the body, however, was difficult for pagans to embrace, despite the fact that life after death was generally accepted. Pagans who believed in the immortality of the soul maintained that the soul escaped at death; the body, they knew, decayed. Although Paul recognized the possibility that after death he would be punished for minor faults 1 Corinthians , he regarded himself as living an almost perfect life Philippians , and he demanded the same perfection of his converts.
Paul regarded suffering and premature death as punishment for those who sinned 1 Corinthians ; Ч32 but did not believe that punishment of the sinning Christian meant damnation or eternal destruction.
He thought that those who believed in Christ became one person with him and that this union was not broken by ordinary transgression.
Paul did regard it as possible, however, for people to lose or completely betray their faith in Christ and thus lose membership in his body, which presumably would lead to destruction at the Judgment Romans ; 1 Corinthians Ч17; 2 Corinthians Ч Paul, like his Jewish contemporaries the scholar and historian Flavius Josephus and the philosopher Philo Judaeus , completely opposed a long list of sexual practices : prostitution and the use of prostitutes 1 Corinthians Ч20 , homosexual activities 1 Corinthians ; Romans Ч27 , sexual relations before marriage 1 Corinthians Ч9 , and marriage merely for the sake of gratifying physical desire 1 Thessalonians Ч5.
However, he urged married partners to continue to have sexual relations except during times set aside for prayer 1 Corinthians Ч7. These ascetic views were not unknown in Greek philosophy, but they were standard in Greek-speaking Jewish communities, and it is probable that Paul acquired them in his youth.
Some pagan philosophers, meanwhile, were more inclined than Paul to limit sexual desire and pleasure. For example, the Stoic philosopher Musonius Rufus flourished 1st century ce wished to restrict marital sexual relations to the production of offspring. Some aspects of Jewish sexual ethics were not generally accepted among the Gentiles to whom Paul preached. Sexual behaviour, therefore, became a substantial issue between him and his converts, and for that reason his letters frequently refer to sexual ethics.
His other moral views were as simple and straightforward to ancient readers as to modern: no murder, no theft, and so on. To all of these issues he brought his own expectation of perfection, which his converts often found difficult to satisfy. Male homosexual activity is condemned in the Hebrew Bible in Leviticus and Чteachings that Christianity followed, thanks in part to Paul, even as it disregarded most of the laws of Leviticus.
Paul accepted the prohibition but made an exception in the case of Christians who were married to non-Christians 1 Corinthians Ч The consequence has been that, in some forms of Christianity, the only ground for divorce is adultery by the other partner.
Until the 20th century the laws of many state and national governments reflected this view. This view may have been a personal matter for Paul Ч7 , and it was an opinion that he did not attempt to enforce on his churches. He was motivated in part by the belief that time was short: it would be good if people devoted themselves entirely to God during the brief interval before the Lord returned Ч The top tier consisted of those who were entirely celibate such as, at different times in the history of the church, monks, nuns, and priests.
Married Christians could aspire only to the bottom, inferior tier. Few Christians were willing to stray from Romans 13 until the 18th century, when the Founding Fathers of the United States decided to follow the Enlightenment philosopher John Locke rather than Paul on the question of revolt against unjust rulers.
Paul the Apostle. Videos Images. Additional Info. Load Previous Page. Churches of St. Paul the Apostle Although Paul may have converted some Jews, his mission was directed toward the Gentiles , who therefore constituted the vast majority of his converts.
Paul the Apostle preaching to the Athenians. Paul the Apostle writing his epistles. Load Next Page.