What Your Urine Says About You and Your Health
Severe dehydration can produce urine the color of amber. But urine can turn colors far beyond what's normal, including red, blue, green, dark brown and cloudy white. When to see a doctor. Seek medical attention if you have: Visible blood in your urine. Bloody urine is common in urinary tract infections and kidney stones. These problems usually. The intensity of yellow color in normal, clear urine indicates the concentration or dilution of urine. In simplest terms, dilute urine is associated with increased water excretion and concentrated urine correlates with less water. Dilute urine will be almost colorless while highly concentrated urine is bright yellow, amber or honey colored.
What color should whaat pee be? Most people will have heard that their fluid intake rate greatly influences the shade of urine they'll end up with. Though they'll have grown to expect a shade of yellow from their pee, they'll also have come across the idea that the lighter the color is, the better it is for them.
Very light urine is diluted urine, after all — which, in turn, represents a well-hydrated individual! Is completely clear urine a reason to be worried, though? Could urine the color of, what are the parts of dna called, water, indicate any health issues? Normal, healthy urine can be a very pale, straw-like, yellow, a "baby" or pastel yellow, or a slightly darker yellow — the different shades simply point to different levels of hydration, with people whose urine color is slightly darker receiving a message that they could really do with some extra water soon.
A dark amber urine color is already a cause for concern, as it shows that you are dehydrated. If your urine isn't a shade of yellow, but another color, your body might be letting you know that you need to call your doctor. Here's a quick checklist that should help you determine if you are dealing with an abnormal urine color :. While you're definitely going to be alarmed if your pee is bright orange, brown-ish, red, pink, blue, or green, clear urine might just make you give yourself a pat on the back.
You're healthy and extremely well-hydrated, right? A completely clear urine color could mean that you have really been overdoing it what is cervical cancer jab the water. Cut back, because drinking so colorde water that the pigment urochrome, meab normally gives pee its yellow color, isn't visible means that your electrolyte levels are seriously out of whack.
Hydration is a good thing, but over-hydration isn't — especially if you consistently take in an excess of fluids over long periods of time. You could even end up with hyponatremia, or abnormally low sodium levels, which comes with nasty symptoms like nausea, headaches, muscle cramps, extreme fatigue, and eventually even seizures and coma.
Clear urine can also be a side effect of diuretic medication, which causes patients to have to go to the bathroom much! If you have been or are currently on diuretics for hypertension or another condition, you will probably call them "pee pills" or "water pills"! If you are on diuretics and have completely clear urine, drak have a word with your healthcare provider. Note that coffee is a natural diuretic, so if you're not drinking super-human amounts of water or using medication but are a "coffee junkie", you've probably found the cause.
Cut down! A final possibility when it comes to completely clear urine is uncontrolled diabetes. You have probably heard that diabetes is frequently accompanied by extreme thirst.
If you're chugging down glass after glass of water and aren't sure why, the cause of your clear urine is obviously still excessive water intake — but diabetes could be the underlying reason for that excessive hydration. Couldn't find ,ean you looking for?
Show full content. When it comes to urine, light is good. What does a completely clear urine color jrine, though? Is that too much of a good thing? Actually, it's more complex than that.
Even if you're drinking lots of water, your urine should still be some shade of yellow, no matter how pale. It should not, actually, be completely clear. Note that, when diluted in your toilet bowl, it is possible for your actually-not-completely-clear-urine to "disappear" into the water.
Maybe get a sample in a cup before you assume that your urine really doesn't have any tint at all. Continue reading after recommendations. Important notification about information and how to open a cake shop names used in this article! Photo courtesy of Max Pixel site: maxpixel. Continue reading
Sep 27, · Passing dark urine that is dark yellow or dark brown could mean something as simple as being dehydrated, or it could be as serious as a problem with your liver. In other cases, dark colored urine that is brown, orange, tea colored or even black can be caused by certain foods, medications, a urinary tract infection, or other health issues. What does the color of urine mean. Urine of an abnormal color appears different from the usual straw-yellow color. Abnormally colored urine may be cloudy, dark, or blood-colored. Discolored urine is often caused by medications, certain foods or food dyes. In some cases, though, changes in urine color can be caused by specific health problems. Sep 22, · What The Color of Your Pee Says About You. Your urine can reveal a lot about what’s going on in your body, from how hydrated you are to whether you might have a urinary tract infection.
Your urine can tell you a lot about your health and your habits. Urine is produced when blood passes through the kidneys, which filter out excess waste and water. This waste travels through tubes known as ureters and is stored in the bladder until you urinate. Urine is roughly 95 percent water, and the rest is composed of thousands of compounds — both inorganic and organic — exiting the body. Certain changes in your urine or urine habits, either during or after urination, may indicate that you have a medical condition.
These signs often include:. The presence of abnormal amounts of certain chemicals, such as proteins, sugars, ketones , and others, can also help your healthcare provider diagnose and monitor various medical conditions. Changes in the smell and color of your urine are typically harmless, but sometimes they can indicate a medical problem. Normal, healthy urine is usually mildly yellow with a slight odor. Urine can also vary in color for a variety of reasons: 5 , 6. You should always consult with your doctor if you notice a sudden change in the color or odor of your urine.
Dehydration Cloudy urine can indicate that you are not getting enough water and other fluids. Urinary Tract Infection Blood, pus, or excess white blood cells can cause cloudy or milky urine and can indicate that you have a urinary tract infection.
Sexually Transmitted Infections STIs can produce an excess of white blood cells, which can cause cloudy urine. Kidney Stones High levels of minerals in urine can cause cloudiness and be a sign of kidney stones. Diabetes Cloudy urine can indicate that uncontrolled diabetes has damaged the kidneys. Prostate Issues An inflamed or infected prostate can lead to an increase in the amount of white blood cells or other discharge, which can cloud urine.
Vaginitis A vaginal infection can increase the number of white blood cells released in urine and cause cloudiness. Blood in urine, also known as hematuria, occurs when red blood cells leak from your urinary tract. Blood in urine can indicate that you have an undiagnosed or untreated medical condition. Sometimes blood in urine is visible, appearing clotlike or turning the urine pink, red, or brown.
Other times it can be viewed only with a microscope called microscopic hematuria. Conditions that cause blood in urine can include: If you notice or suspect blood in your urine, contact your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Your doctor will conduct a urinalysis and various other tests to determine the cause of the bleeding and any appropriate treatment.
Painful or burning urination can often be the first sign of an undiagnosed medical condition. The most common cause of painful urination is a urinary tract infection, which occurs when bacteria infect the bladder, urethra, or kidneys. Additional causes of painful urination can include: The most common cause of painful urination in children is irritation of the urethra from bubble bath, lotions, soaps, and other chemicals. If you experience painful or burning urination, your doctor will conduct a urinalysis and other medical tests to determine the cause of the discomfort.
Behaviors such as drinking plenty of water, practicing safe sex , and avoiding chemicals that cause irritation can also prevent painful urination. Frequent urination can be disruptive to sleep, work, hobbies, and your mood. Frequent urination is not always a sign of a medical problem. As you age, the bladder loses some of its holding capacity and you may have to urinate more frequently. Sometimes frequent urination is caused by increased fluid intake, especially drinking large amounts of caffeine or alcohol.
Certain medications can also increase urine output, and diuretics — such as Lasix furosemide , Demadex torsemide , Microzide hydrochlorothiazide , Dyazide hydrochlorothiazide and triamterene , Thalitone chlorthalidone , and Aldactone spironolactone — are a common culprit.
Diseases affecting the urinary tract, such as a urinary tract infection, can also cause frequent urination. Poorly managed or uncontrolled type 1 or type 2 diabetes can also cause frequent urination, when increased blood sugar causes more fluid to escape the kidneys into the urine. Prostate problems are the most common reasons that men over 50 struggle with frequent urination.
If you suffer from frequent urination, your doctor may conduct a urinalysis and other tests to determine the cause. Antibiotics are used to treat urinary infections, and there are special prescription medications used to treat an overactive bladder. Your doctor may also recommend that you reduce fluid intake before you go to bed. Urine changes throughout pregnancy, and monitoring your urine can help your doctor ensure both you and your baby are healthy.
A urine test can detect pregnancy around two weeks after conception by measuring increased levels of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin hCG. Urinating more frequently can also be an early sign of pregnancy and will occur throughout the first trimester.
Frequent urination returns during the third trimester when the growing fetus and uterus put increased pressure on the bladder. Pregnant women also need to drink more water, so dark and more-concentrated urine can be a sign of dehydration. Women may also notice blood in urine at the beginning of their pregnancy. Pregnant women are also at increased risk of developing urinary tract infections, which can cause smelly urine , cloudy urine, and blood in urine. A urinary infection can also be a sign of group B streptococcus GBS , a bacterium that can spread to a baby during delivery and cause complications.
Women are typically tested for GBS during their third trimester. Your doctor may conduct several urinalyses throughout pregnancy to test or monitor for conditions such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. Proteins serve many functions in the body, but when proteins escape into urine, it can be a sign of potential kidney problems.
If high levels of protein are detected multiple times, you may have kidney disease. People with diabetes and hypertension have a higher risk of developing kidney disease, so their urine may be analyzed regularly via urinalysis.
Protein in urine can also be a sign of preeclampsia in pregnant women. If kidney disease is caused by hypertension or diabetes, treatment will involve getting these medical conditions controlled and monitored. Treatment may also include lifestyle changes and prescription medication, including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers ARBs. Learn More About Proteinuria. Ketones are chemicals that are produced when the body begins to burn fat instead of sugar.
Ketones in urine are often a sign of poorly managed or uncontrolled diabetes, when there is insufficient insulin to carry sugar from blood to the cells that need it. Common symptoms that accompany high levels of ketones in urine include: People with diabetes are advised to test for ketones more frequently when their blood glucose level is high, or when they are sick with a cold or flu.
If diabetes is left uncontrolled, people can develop diabetic ketoacidosis , which can lead to coma and even death.
High levels of ketones in urine can also be a sign of alcohol abuse, an eating disorder , chronic vomiting or diarrhea, or other medical conditions. Leukocytes are another name for white blood cells, which play an important role in fighting off infection in the body. A small number of leukocytes in urine is considered normal, as old white blood cells will pass through the body. But if a high number of leukocytes are present in the urine, it can be a sign of potential damage to the kidneys, bladder, ureters, or urethra.
Causes of high levels of leukocytes can include: Leukocytes are typically measured during a urinalysis. Treatment for leukocytes in urine involves addressing whatever underlying medical condition is causing the higher levels.
Nitrates are inorganic compounds that normally pass through urine as waste. When nitrates become infected with bacteria, they become nitrites, which can be a sign of a urinary tract infection. Additional signs of a urinary tract infection can include frequent or painful urination, dark or cloudy urine, foul-smelling urine, fatigue, and fever. Levels of nitrites in urine are measured in a typical urinalysis test. A urinalysis is a frequently used medical test that measures the presence of various substances in urine to detect medical problems and assess overall health.
Urinalyses can be done before or prior to admission to the hospital or if there are changes in urine color, odor, or volume. A urinalysis involves collecting a clean urine sample via a specimen cup.
The sample is then analyzed visually, with a dipstick test, and with a microscope. During the dipstick exam, the levels of acidity, urine concentration, nitrites, proteins, ketones, and glucose are usually measured.
In a microscopic examination, technicians look for white and red blood cells, bacteria, skin cells, crystals, and other substances that can help diagnose medical conditions. Urine drug testing is often performed to test the presence of illegal, mind-altering, or performance-enhancing substances in the urine of employees, athletes, or people on probation or parole.
How long a substance can be detected in your urine can depend on a number of factors:. A typical urine drug test can detect alcohol roughly 12 to 36 hours in urine after it is consumed, and more advanced urine tests can detect alcohol as long as three days after your last drink. How long marijuana stays in your urine will depend upon your use habits.
Most drug tests measure the presence of tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the active ingredient in marijuana. If you use infrequently, a urine drug test can detect THC as long as 10 days after use. Weed can stay in your system for two to four weeks if you use frequently and as long as a month if you use very frequently. People sometimes use synthetic urine to try to pass a urine drug test. This can carry significant consequences, as many states have made it illegal to sell or use synthetic urine to cheat on a drug test.
Urine therapy, or urotherapy, is a type of alternative medicine in which people use or ingest their own urine for medicinal purposes. But there is no scientific evidence that urine therapy provides medicinal value. When you drink urine, you ingest all the waste that your kidneys have filtered out of your body. Therefore, drinking urine can make your urine more concentrated with waste, causing dehydration and kidney damage.
So drinking your urine is generally not recommended as a survival technique. This causes urine to have a sweet-smelling odor, much like maple syrup.
It affects roughly 1 in , infants. The more serious form of the disease can be detected in newborns, and other times the onset of symptoms is delayed until late infancy or childhood. Additional symptoms of maple syrup urine disease can include: